||Jin, Qin; Liu, Xiaoyi; Zhuang, Zhenpeng; Huang, Jiayuan; Gou, Shixue; Shi, Hui; Zhao, Yu; Ouyang, Zhen; Liu, Zhaoming; Li, Lei; Mao, Junjie; Ge, Weikai; Chen, Fangbing; Yu, Manya; Guan, Yezhi; Ye, Yinghua; Tang, Chengcheng; Huang, Ren; Wang, Kepin; Lai, Liangxue
|| BackgroundCRISPR-based toolkits have dramatically increased the ease of genome and epigenome editing. SpCas9 is the most widely used nuclease. However, the difficulty of delivering SpCas9 and inability to modulate its expression in vivo hinder its widespread adoption in large animals.ResultsHere, to circumvent these obstacles, a doxycycline-inducible SpCas9-expressing (DIC) pig model was generated by precise knock-in of the binary tetracycline-inducible expression elements into the Rosa26 and Hipp11 loci, respectively. With this pig model, in vivo and/or in vitro genome and epigenome editing could be easily realized. On the basis of the DIC system, a convenient Cas9-based conditional knockout strategy was devised through controlling the expression of rtTA component by tissue-specific promoter, which allows the one-step generation of germline-inherited pigs enabling in vivo spatiotemporal control of gene function under simple chemical induction. To validate the feasibility of in vivo gene mutation with DIC pigs, primary and metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was developed by delivering a single AAV6 vector containing TP53-sgRNA, LKB1-sgRNA, and mutant human KRAS gene into the adult pancreases.ConclusionsTogether, these results suggest that DIC pig resources will provide a powerful tool for conditional in vivo genome and epigenome modification for fundamental and applied research.